Jeremy's blog was written about 6 years ago. While it is mostly valid, it has not kept up with the times.
You still have some confusion...
"Engines" needs more discussion...
MyISAM -- The main way MySQL structured things 6 years ago. It is simple. It had a _default_ limit of 4G fixed length rows or 4GB dynamic length rows. ('Dynamic' means that VARCHAR or something else of non-fixed length was in the table.) MAX_ROWS, etc is the way to bust out of that limit. And the latest 5.1 defaults to 2^48 instead of 2^32, so you are unlikely to actually hit the _default_ limit.
InnoDB -- MySQL absorbed InnoBase to acquire a transactional engine. About then, MySQL restructured the base code to allow for adding on any number of engine types. InnoDB was later bought by Oracle, but is still a significant part of MySQL.
NDB (Cluster) -- Another company had developed a highly reliable 24/7 database primarily for embedding in telephone equipment. That was acquired by MySQL and became another "Engine" in the suite included with MySQL.
Federated, BlackHole, Archive, etc. -- Some more "Engines".
Maria, Falcon -- New engines, actively being developed. (They are only in Alpha state now.)
InfoBright, ScaleDB, and many others -- Commercial (cost money) engines.
Partition -- A layer in front of other engines. You can partition a MyISAM or InnoDB table to effectively have multiple sub-tables. Notice the reference to MyISAM in this example:
Create Table: CREATE TABLE `trb3` (
`id` int(11) default NULL,
`name` varchar(50) default NULL,
`purchased` date default NULL
) ENGINE=MyISAM DEFAULT CHARSET=latin1
PARTITION BY RANGE (YEAR(purchased)) (
PARTITION p0 VALUES LESS THAN (1990) ENGINE = MyISAM,
PARTITION p1 VALUES LESS THAN (1995) ENGINE = MyISAM,
PARTITION p2 VALUES LESS THAN (2000) ENGINE = MyISAM,
PARTITION p3 VALUES LESS THAN (2005) ENGINE = MyISAM
taken from http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.1/en/partitioning-info.html
So, unless I am mistaken, you can have the underlying MyISAM tables be larger than 4G by using MAX_ROWS and AVG_ROW_LENGTH. See