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Re: how to start oracle DB
Posted by: Harshada Thakur
Date: May 27, 2013 11:40PM

You have to give the following command for start oracle database

1. Login to the system with oracle username

Typical oracle installation will have oracle as username and dba as group. On Linux, do su to oracle as shown below.

$ su - oracle

2. Connect to oracle sysdba

Make sure ORACLE_SID and ORACLE_HOME are set properly as shown below.

$ env | grep ORA
ORACLE_SID=DEVDB
ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0


You can connect using either “/ as sysdba” or an oracle account that has DBA privilege.

$ sqlplus '/ as sysdba'
SQL*Plus: Release 10.2.0.3.0 - Production on Tue May 28 11:11:11 2013
Copyright (c) 1982, 2006, Oracle. All Rights Reserved.

Connected to:
Oracle Database 10g Enterprise Edition Release 10.2.0.3.0 - Production
With the Partitioning and Data Mining options
SQL>

3. Start Oracle Database

The default SPFILE (server parameter file) is located under $ORACLE_HOME/dbs. Oracle will use this SPFILE during startup, if you don’t specify PFILE.

Oracle will look for the parameter file in the following order under $ORACLE_HOME/dbs. If any one of them exist, it will use that particular parameter file.

spfile$ORACLE_SID.ora
spfile.ora
init$ORACLE_SID.ora


Type “startup” at the SQL command prompt to startup the database as shown below.

SQL> startup
ORACLE instance started.

Total System Global Area 812529152 bytes
Fixed Size 2264280 bytes
Variable Size 960781800 bytes
Database Buffers 54654432 bytes
Redo Buffers 3498640 bytes
Database mounted.
Database opened.
SQL>

If you want to startup Oracle with PFILE, pass it as a parameter as shown below.
SQL> STARTUP PFILE=/u01/app/oracle/product/10.2.0/dbs/init.ora

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