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Re: run multiple instances of the same binary
Posted by: Nick Roper
Date: July 19, 2004 06:12AM

Hi Judy,

I had just come across some nice examples of doing this in a MySQL book (see attribution at the end of this post) so I have included some notes based on those examples below:

You can run multiple instances on the same host and specify configuration options either by adding the options as arguments on the command line, or by storing them in configuration files.

for example, from the command line:

shell> mysqld --port 3306 --log=/path/to/server1/log
shell> mysqld --port 3307 --log=/path/to/server2/log

However, when mysql starts up it reads various config files in sequence. This means that you can set global options for all instances in one file and then specific options for individual instances in separate files.

The files it reads by default are (on unix)


you can direct the server to read specific config files after it reads the default /etc/my.cnf file with the following directive.


So, if you wanted 2 instances running with some shared options and some specific options, you could create additional configuration files in /etc say:


where my.server1.cnf has the following lines:

(other options here)

and my.server2.cnf is:

(other options here)

then you could start the separate instances of mysqld as follows:

shell> mysqld --defaults-extra-file=/etc/my.server1.cnf
shell> mysqld --defaults-extra-file=/etc/my.server2.cnf

Note: port numbers etc shown here are examples and you should use the correct options for your environment.

If you are going to run multiple instances and configurations of MySQL then it is probably a good idea to refer to the MySQL Reference Manual.

Attribution for the book that I have mentioned is as follows:

"High Performance MySQL: Optimisation, Backups, Replication, and Load Balancing, by Jeremy D. Zawodny and Derek J. Balling. Copyright 2004 O'Reilly Media, Inc., 0-596-00306-4"


Nick Roper
logical elements
information & internet solutions
p: +44 (0)1749 676798

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Re: run multiple instances of the same binary
July 19, 2004 06:12AM

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